Center De Pompidou: Bonafide Modern Art of 20th

Contemporary collection(1965-2018)

The installation of a projection room in the museum reconnects it with the original Idea. devise by Pontus Hulton -the first director of Centre Pompidou –

who wished that moving images should be an integral part of the collections. The full collection comprises around 1,500 cinematographic works. The program of the cinema reflects the films and the videos already present in the various room of Museum.


Many artists of various nationalities felt the need to create new connections between visual arts, poetry, dance and theatre. In the 1960s, they came together and engaged, as radically as the Dasaists had in 1916, in actions that reconciled art and life.

Their creations were intended to be as ephemeral, entertaining and elusive have the flow of life itself. In the spirit of Fluxus, Ben questioned art, The Artist, and the ego .”Art is what makes life more interesting than art” said Robert Filliou.

Ben Le Magasin De Ben (1958-1973)

Body art 

Toward the end of 1960 artist-among them, many women begin – use their bodies as subject means of expression, support, tools, and mediums. 

In the context of the film the photographed performances, this corporal material was pushed to the limits of its capabilities of transformation to “discover its weakness the tragic, ruthless servitude of its temporality, of its erosion and its fragility”, according to the word of Gina Pane

Minimalism :

Minimalism in the opposition to abstract expressionism and in parallel to conceptual art, with which it shares some similarities, minimalism is characterized by the construction of refined forms and by the use of industrial material.

These simple, serial structures, derived from elementary geometry, went beyond the principle of painting and the base list the rivers their perception and conscious of their own body in the surrounding space.

Donald Judd (Stack )Pile (1972)

Conceptual art 

Joseph Kosuth or the Art and language group used language as the main tool to develop into such as “what is art?. Thus, one and three chairs by Kosuth offer a variety of forms of representation of a chair: its reality, its image, and its concept.

With words, the work is a starting point that leaves the freedom of imagination to the viewers. On the wall of the Salle Blanche [white room], Marcel Broodthaers wrote a random, visual poem in the style of Rene Magritte. 

Morphological Architecture

This trend was developed as a counterpoint to modern, functional architecture. 
Therefore, in Andre Bloc’s Sculpture habitacles,[Habitable Sculpture], architecture and sculpture organic imbrications, contrast and play on volume. 

Like Jean Dubuffet’s Jardin d’hiver[winter Garden], his sculptures create a space where one can leave and wander through. 


This Italian artistic trend was identified by work using organic, vegetative and mineral materials, so-called “poor” materials.

ARTE POVERA developed in a context of dissenting utopia from the end of the 1960s, as a reaction against the Supremacy of the American art market. These works are a means of reflection of the links between man, nature, culture, and art. 

Supports /Surface

Traditional painting material, such as stretcher, the Canvas, the pigments, the tool, the frame, and hanging were the only preoccupation of those artists each artist chooses a method that blended Trigger and the celebration of the material and gestures used.


A movement towards the revalorization of material emerged as a reaction of minimalist formalism. In a process that turns traditionalism on its head, it mattered,

preferably flexible matter, that determines the final form of work. Fairly crude, it’s characteristic, as well as it’s possible degradation, were part of the creation process.

Robert Morris /Wall Hanging(1969-70)

Robert Morris:

Robert Morris created Wall Hanging with a rectangular piece of industrial felt, lacerated with several horizontal slits. Gravity caused by suspension creates” shape that we are not anticipated before head”.

Eva Hesse 

Eva Hesse  created sculpture with soft, drooping forms, in textured original materials.

Suspended parts, with numerous corporal metaphors, with number corporal metaphors, her works evoke the phenomena of proliferation, degradation and the relaxation of bodies.

Joseph Beuys

The fat and the felt used by this artist make reference to the mythical episode of rescue by Tatars in Crimea following a plane crash.

Plight confronts the viewers with energy-carrying material and with the same condition of isolation, silence and warmth experience during the healing of the artist. 

His surroundings his performance and his pedagogic investment at the free university in Dusseldorf led him to develop the “expanded concept of Art” and “social sculpture”.

For him, every man was an artist, because every person took part in the transformation of a social entity through multiple connections. 

Mike Kelley Et Tony Oursler 

The emergence of new technological possibilities now enables the creation of unprecedented visual and sonorous immersive environments. 

A sensory, collective and personal experience overcome the viewers and engage them in each artist own cultural universe. 
The poetic project is an exploration of the shared past of the two artists who wear in  Punk music together. 

Bruce Nauman 

Explore mental and physical spaces, poses and action in performances, and sculpture as well as devices who welcome the viewers and invite them to act and to refer to their own perception.

The video became the preferred medium for many artists to practice fine arts, which extended to the area of music, dance, literature. Here they could develop their philosophical question, like ideas on a notepad.

Bertrand lavier

Takes inspiration from his activities as a trained botanist, notably grafting. Through the object he transforms, he continues Marcel Duchamp’s works on our perception of day to day life and the work of Art. 

At the same time, this mixing process creates discrepancy and opens a field of reflection of the ideas of the base, the Hanging, the title, the author and artistic language. 

Louise Bourgeois 

The autobiographical work of Louie is explicitly embodied in installations, sculptures for drawings, which resonate universally. 

The choice of objects, the material the movement all constitute of symbolic Universe that touches the archetypes of the human psyche. 
She constructed psychic spaces, the metaphor of her intimacy with the memories and emotions. 

Annette Messager

Les Piques, commissioned by the state for the bicentenary of the French Revolution, replacing the terror of 1793. In a theoretical way, while bringing them up to date, making the headline news.

The artist, a witness to her own time, mixes a multitude of individual destinies which a great singular history. 

Black magic and superstition are connected here as an instrument of Revolt while the movement and the material she used to refer to the everyday feminine universe, or the world of childhood.

Reinhard Mucha 

The transformations created by

Reinhard Mucha’s monumental construction take their aesthetic from the industrial and functional furniture and the architecture that standardized the developing Germany. 

A combination of standardized objects, these pieces deal with the issue of form and subject matter in a monumental way, oscillating between the profane and the sacred, the familiar and the uncanny. 

Mucha’s Universe fuels doubt between the strange and the familiar, between work of art and the anonymous object. 

Gerhard Richter 

It refutes the idea of separation between figuration and abstraction. His painting adopts component of photography such as blurred focus and enlargement, which can modify the viewer’s perception of the image.

Breaking down the idea of categorization, he combines in the same painting gestural brushstroke to read others that provide a geometric construction. 

Philippe Parreno

Has produced multiple exhibition stand installation, including objects, music, lights, and films. The different configuration combines reality, fiction, televisual and cinematographic codes

So, the fake Christmas tree of Fraught times remains an artwork for eleven months of the year, and return to its ordinary function in December and take part in the magic of Christmas. 

Hiromi Fujii at Centre De Pompidou

New construction rationales display architecture as a Process. Immersed in structuralism, Hiromi Fujii takes the grill at his structural starting point, from which he creates modifications.

He implements a mechanism with which he destroyed geometry and operate shifts and slides sequentially.

Unlike in minimalist works, a viewer perceives a fragmented and discontinued space, which they can reconstruct mentally.

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