Chateau de Versailles: Dream for eternity

Versailles was originally an aristocratic hunting lodge, before capturing the dreams of the young Louis XIV.

Once a revolutionary ground now entrance for Versailles

Versailles is a place where once visionary King resides with his ambition of being remembered for generations and his glory of Hall of mirrors witnessing important events of French history is here.

Versailles is almost 45-minute ride with metro and RER from Paris and you have one have to buy a separate ticket for it. You will get a sense of what the outside of Paris seems like, it because more of a normal people are busy in their daily chore and shopping outside Versailles is really cheap compared to the main Paris.

My awareness for Versailles was limited to the treaty of Versailles which became cause of World War 2 and Netflix TV series on the same name until I gave it a visit.

While I was walking in the palace resuming a king with a long hair fair skin sparkling eyes ambitious king with a dream for eternity and a court  full of nobles, keeping them busy in the luxurious life of Palace at the court and while king could read his country on his own.
Servant passing secret messages at Court which is full of ladies and mistresses. This was once a center for political maneuvering which was always running ahead of his time.

Louis XIV portrait in Versailles

In July 1589, the future Henri IV of France spent two nights at Versailles. He was preparing to lay siege to Paris, then in hands of Holy League. When he becomes king of France, he returned Versailles in 1604 in order to hunt.

The beginning of Louis XIV reign

Louis XIV lived in his father’s apartment, on the first floor in the Northen part of the Chateau, and Queen Marie –Therese lived in a symmetrically opposite apartment in the southern part.

Gold plated railings

Louis XIV interest in Versailles became evident as of 1662-the two wings in the forecourt were entirely reconstructed in order to create a larger entrance area: the stable wings (the old wing)and the wings of the government offices in the north (where Gabriel wing now stand)

In 1663, the architect Louis Le Vau built the Orangery and the Menagerie. As of 1665, the Grotto of Tethys was created in the lower part of a water reservoir.

Versailles became a venue for entertainment, housing, in particular, the “Pleasure of the Enchanted Island”

Between 1668 and 1671, the chateau was enlarged by le Vau, who was succeeded by Francois d’Orsay in 1670. The original chateau was conserved in keeping with the king’s wishes, was enveloped on three sides by taller stone building with a flat roof:
Le Vau’s included a large terrace opening out into the garden on the first floor. This offered the panoramic view of the Grand perspective, which was extended to the west by Grand Canal, whose construction began in 1668. 

At the same time, the four Court wings built-in 1662 were linked to the schedule by the main building and intermediate pavilions, which were
Symmetrically opposite to the jutting corner pavilions, we are enclosed by railings, 4 Pavilion square building 1672 the house the securities and the king wish to hold the Council at Versailles. 

Throughout the Summer of 1674, Versailles hosted sumptuous festivities in celebration of the conquest of Franche Comte. During these Divertissement de Versailles ‘, Alceste, the lyrical tragedy by Philippe Quinault and Jean – Baptiste Lully, was performed in the marble courtyard. 

Architectural model of Versailles

Louis XV and Louis XVI

As of 1678, extensive modifications we are made to the schedule and its associated building and the ground, under the direction of architect Julius Hardouin – Mansart: The terrace and Six room that surrounded in the le Vau ‘s ‘ envelope’ where replaced by the great Hall or the hall of mirrors, which was completed in 1684;- to create new accommodation, the south or prince’s wing , completed in 1682, 

The North wing was built between 1685 and 1689;- to provide permanent accommodation for the government staff, the wings of the Minister wear building the four Code by integrating the to Eastern pavilions built-in 1670; the two Western pavilions where reconstructed.

After the Regency period in Paris (17 15 – 22) the Louis XV decided to return to the Versailles, he made many remarkable creations such as the Hercules room the Neptune basin the Opera the French Garden and Petit Trianon. 

During the reign of Louis XVI, the evolution in the taste was reflected in the creation of new decorations and furniture, the return to antique was expressed with discrete elegance.
Replanting of Garden was major project carried out under his Reign, this resulted in the creation of new groups such as that of Apollo baths. 

From the revolution to Louis Phillippe”s museum

Louis Phillippe portrait

In 1789, several Revolutionary events took place in Versailles
The opening of estate general on 5th May, the formation of assembly National French national assembly on 17 June, the oath of Jeu de Paume on 20 June, 

The abolition of feudal privileges on 4th August, and the March of Teresian on Versailles on 5th 6th October. 
On 6th October 1789 that king, the royal family, the court and the government left Versailles for Paris. 

In 1792, most of the paintings antique sculpture and jewels were sent to central Museum of Art now the Muse the Louvre, books, and medals were sent to the National Library. 

Wilder rock and scientific instrument where transfer to the school of art and craft. 

With the Proclamation of Empires, Versailles once again became an official residence of the Crown. Napoleon rebuilt part of the park, which had been neglected during the revolution, and had the Chateau restored; he planned to set up residence there, abdicated before being able to carry out his project, and instead of occasionally decided in the Grand Trianon as of 1809. 

Likewise, the Restoration was too short-lived to enable LouieXVIII to settle down again in the Chateau where they were born. 
It was during this period that the Dufour Pavilion was built. 
In1830, the Chateau was practically intact. In 1833, in order to save it from an unworthy use, Louis Philippe decided, the interest of national reconciliation, to transform it at his own expense into a museum dedicated to all the glories of France. 

In this museum, he assembles the collection of portraits and historical scenes, whose size (6000 paintings, 2000 sculptures, and 35000 drawing and engravings), documentary interest and very often artistic value made Versailles the largest museum of history in the world. 

In 1855, Napoleon III received Queen Victoria at Versailles, with great pomp and Splendor.
On 18 January 1871, the king of Prussia, who had become Emperor Wilhelm  I of Germany, announce the birth of second German Reich in Hall of the mirror. 
To erase the humiliation of 1871, the Peace Treaty that ended the first world war was signed in the hall of mirrors on 28 June 1919. 
In March 1871, the government and the Assembly moved to Versailles. The Royal Opera was transformed into an assembly hall for the deputy. 
In 1875, after the Re-establishment of bicameral system, The Royal Opera became home to the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies was installed in a new room, built in the center of South wing. 
When the Senate and the Chamber of deputies move back to Paris in 1879, the Great Hall, building 1875, became the Congress room. It was used until 1958 for elections of presidents of Republic. 
In 2005, the parliamentary retroceded the other room that had been assigned to it since 1879. The Congress room is the only area that continues to be used for governmental purposes, in particular, the revision of the constitution.

Europe France

Jaw Dropping Work of Alphonse Mucha from 1923

Who is Alphonso Mucha ?

Born in 1860 in the small town of Ivancice, Alphonso Mucha was famous for 1895 in Paris, with Gismonda, the poster for Sarah Bernhardt 1844 -1923, the greatest actress of the time.

As a poster artist, Mucha developed a very personal style, the “Mucha style “, characterized by sinuous forms mixing Young women, floral motifs and ornamental lines, select a certain range of pastel shades. This is style would soon embody the movement emerging at the time in decorative arts.

On a Personal note, I would love to share that while buying the tickets girl at the counter asked by any means you are less than 19?

Because we offer a concession to minors. I was awed by this experience. I fond this museum different from Louvre and Orsay.

Art Nouveau.

Mucha As a Versatile artist:

While he is famous for his posters, Mucha was a versatile artist: Painter, Sculpture, Photographer, Decorator and also a valued teacher. During his first trip to the United States in 1904, he was called “the greatest decorative artist in the world”.

Art exists only to communicate a spiritual message

But his political and humanist belief led him to gradually give up this decorative style and to undertake cycles of history paintings, sometimes in very large format, in a militant and idealistic spirit.

Thus around 1900 and 1910, he changed supported resolutely figurative epic paintings, detached from all the European avant-garde artists. Slate works bear witness to his dreams of Unity among all Slav peoples, notably the Slavic  Epic (1912-1926), a cycle composed of 20 monumental paintings.

This exhibition traces the career of Mucha and draws The Portrait of flex artist, driven by social and philosophical vision.

1.A Bohemian  in Paris

Born in midst of Czech Nation renaissance, Mucha passionately hoped for technician independent of Austro Hungarian Empire. 

In Ivancice, the talented youth for his political cause very early on, buy an illustrating satirical magazine and decorating auditoriums. In Munich, where he studied in mid-1818, Mucha became a leading figure with checked and Slavic communities.

In 1887, Mucha arrived in Paris, then the European capital of the Arts. Artists and students flocked here from every country and gather together by the community. Mucha soon created Lada, Slavic students club, then join the Czech community group, Beseda, which he could later chair.

Mucha, who received financial support from count Edward Khuen Belasi (1847- 1896), 2 years at academic Julian, then at Academy Colarossi. But in early 1889, the count cut off his allowance.

Forced to work, Mucha produced illustrations for books and magazines. During these difficult years lived in the Rue de la Grande Chaumiere. Here, he notably met Paul Gauguin and the Swedish writer August Strindberg.

2. Work of Alphonse Mucha As Picture maker for people

In 1890, the poster played a central part in visual culture thanks to the perfection in of colour lithography and the development of advertising. Paris became a veritable open-air gallery, By its Japan -influenced format, its hieratic composition and its pastel colours,

Mucha’s First poster for Sarah  Bernhardt revolutionized the code for this medium. 
Strengthened by the success, Mucha launched into the creation of advertising posters.

“The purpose of my work was never to destroy but always to create, to construct bridges, because we must live in the hope that humankind will draw together and that the better we understand each other the easier this will become.” ~ Alphonse Mucha

In 1896, he was able to move into a large Apartment studio. 
Mucha future also produced ornamental panels for Campeones., Who guaranteed monthly salary.

Jaw Dropping Work of Alphonse Mucha from 1923

These were word free posters, design for decorative purposes. Mucha was won over by the fact, that and light traditional artworks, this new art form was accessible to the general public. 

During the following years, his poster circulated throughout Europe, and the “Style Mucha ” became synonyms with Art Nouveau, which was then appearing on the scene. 

3.Mucha, the cosmopolitan

From 1885 to around 1890, his fame grew, and at the same time, Art Nouveau swept through all major cities of Europe. In 1900, he was the master of the poster and most sought- after decorator of Paris. 

He does involve many projects related to the Exposition Universelle of Paris in 1900, the greatest event of the century”.

He notably decorated the pavilion of Bosnia Herzegovina, Islamic connect to Austria Hungary since 1878. This order represented a real political stake. After the exposition, Mucha was named the member of the order of Francis Joseph 1. 

This episode put him in a paradoxical and uncomfortable situation in relation to his own convictions. But it inspired him with the idea of an epic that would depict the joys and sorrows of all Slav peoples,
By highlighting the ties that the United them and their common struggle against oppression. 

From 1904 to 1909, he visited the United State five times in the hope of raising the necessary fund for this project which would become the Slav Epic. 
In 1909 at Chicago industrialist, Charles Richard Crane agreed to finance it. 

4. Mucha, The Mystic

In the autumn of 1894, he met the Swedish author August Strindberg a friend of Gauguin. A mystic, Steinberg was deeply interested in occultism and theosophy. 

From their regular philosophical discussions, that there where “mysterious forces” guiding each person’s life was born in Mucha. 
In 1898, let him join the Grand Orient de France, the best and largest freemason lodge in continental Europe. 

I was happy to be involved in art for the people and not for private drawing rooms. It was inexpensive, accessible to the general public, and it found a home in poor families as well as in more affluent circles.

For Mucha, Freemasonry was an extension of his spiritualism. 
It advocates “the improvement of humanity” And the “consciousness of freedom” 

Around three virtues, Beauty, Truth and love, the cornerstones of the human condition. With his art, Mucha meant to contribute to Humanities’ progress. 

The illustrated and commented words of Le Pater(The Lord’s Prayer) this book, published in 1899, address to future generation some message concerning Humanities progress and how one can reach universal truth. 

5.Mucha, The Patriot 

In 1910, finally return to his Homeland to realize his longtime ambition: To put his art at the service of his country and his compatriots. 

Thanks to the sponsorship of Charles Richard Crane, he pursued this objective with energy and determination. In 1911, after having completed the decoration of the lord mayor hall in Municipal house in Prague, into the Zbiroh Castle, in western Bohemia and concentrated on the Slav Epic project. 

The Slav Epic was resonating call meant to inspire every Slav and to guide their future, by encouraging them to learn from their own history. 
Mucha chose twenty major episodes which, according to him, had marked these people from a political, religious, philosophical or cultural point of view. 

Ten scenes were drawn from Czech history sentence from the past from other Slav nations. Mucha undertook considerable preparatory work. He read, consulted scholars and took a trip to Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Montero, Poland Russia, and Greece, where he Drew photographs and studied local costumes and traditions. 

6. Artist and philosophers

Anxious to contribute to the spiritual unity of his Slavic compatriots, Mucha was convinced that hot could help people come together for the progress of humanity. By spreading philosophical ideas, art could bring them together closer to each other and help keep the peace, since the Treaty of Versailles did not settle territorial questions between newly independent Slavic Nations.

Every nation has palladium of its own embodying past and future history. Ever since my boyhood I felt and saw in the architectural lines of St. Vitus Cathedral built so close to the castle, a powerful interpretation of our national symbol.

In 1938 Czechoslovakia laws class border region to Germany, Poland, and Hungary. On 15 March 1939, the Germans entered Prague. Mucha’s homeland lost its independence, 20 years after having gained it. Mucha, both are well-known figures and freemason, was one of the first to be arrested by the Gestapo. 

Discouraged and suffering from pneumonia, he died in Prague on 14 July 1939, 10 days after his 79th birthday. 

His work is of a visionary who was ahead of his time.


Center De Pompidou: Bonafide Modern Art of 20th

National Museum of Modern Art offers one of the most comprehensive panoramas of history of Art in the 20th and the 21st centuries.

Spread over the two floors of the building, the display invites the visitor to transfer the major sequence of modernity through a broad broad spectrum of the field including plastic arts, photography, Cinema, film, video, design sculpture, and even architecture.

The centre architect Renzo piano and RICHARD ROGERS

took a daring step of showcasing what the architect usually hides. Thus the supporting structure and pipes are outside highlighted in vibrant color.

Blue corresponds to air supply, yellow to electrical devices and red to the elevators and their machinery.

Entrance of Museum ,even morning rainfall could’t shake visitors enthusiasm

The modern collection devoted to the founding episode of Modern Art from 1905 to 1965, open the visit. Each room, leading onto the next, leading into the next, showcases of major figure or the current of a period.

A movement is known as “Avant -gardens” challenge the traditional cannons, and notably The Illusionist representation of the word using perspective, to the benefit of experimentation, from geometric form two non-figurative painting, from collage to assemblage.

On the other side, the contemporary collection reflects the digits of the past 50 in the different fields of creations.

Artist invented new ways of making art, using their own bodies, “poor” or recycled materials, the industrial processes or new technologies.

This display, a reflection of the artistic life of our time, reveals the development of the arts that is as effervescent as it is unpredictable and increasingly globalized and mixed.

Fauvism: Center De Pompidou

The fauvist painters sought to capture reality instantly. Their spontaneous brushwork, unique framing, and vibrant colors applied directly from the tube, portray their raw, passionate perception of life.

Neo-Primitivism: Center De Pompidou

In the 1910s, several artists, united through their interest in folk art, adopted a deliberately naive, expressive style. They were inspired by traditional images, objects related to ruler cultural and primitive art sculptures.

Henri Matisse

All his life, Henri Matisse pursued harmony between line and pure color as the subject of his paintings. “My line drawing is the most direct and purest translation of my emotion.

Simplification of the medium allows this he explains medium worked in stages on the same pattern or form, which little by little became more and more sterilized and abstract, A major figure, he had its influence on numerous artist throughout the 20th century

CUBISM: Center De Pompidou

Cubism initiated by George Braque and Pablo Picasso in 1907, cubism was most and just a new technique, it reflected a new state of mind. The artist sought a new window of perception by fragmentation reality.

By playing with volume, light, and material, they integrated different viewpoints of the same reality into rhythmic, dynamic composition, which sometimes touched on the boundaries of abstractions

From 1918, other artists such as Juan Gris and Fernand Leger re-appropriated the shape, forms possibilities brought to the life by Cubism and began to avoid them. “Modern man lives more and more in overpowering geometric order” Fernand Leger.

Abstraction: Center De Pompidou

Fauvist and Cubist studies encouraged some artists to adopt a new visual vocabulary, in which colors, geometric shapes and their expression of lines became the very subject of the painting

These infinitely combinable components opened a large scope for expression by creating a correspondence between other expressive domains such as music, dance, and biology, in an often cosmic and spiritual environment. “To create work is to create a word” Wassily Kandinsky.

Suprematism and constructivism:

Kazimir Malevich, a founder of Suprematism, proposed to go beyond figuration, leading to a painting “without object” inviting the viewer to set things” in motion by philosophical thoughts”

On the other hand, constructivism celebrated modern beauty through the functional utilization of materials.

De Stijl: Center De Pompidou

was firstly a Dutch journal that brought together artists who wished to create a “total art”.Indeed, in the three primary colors and the straight line of paintings from a Universal language that extends into the everyday environment through furniture, architecture and urban planning.

Piet Mondrian refers to search “neoplastic”, in which modern man could evolve
“Art will disappear as if life find more balance”.
Mondrian said


Ironclad Invalides: Museum of the Order of Liberation:

Invalides witnessed hundred years after the armistice and 250 work from 15 countries orphan on display for the first time including some extraordinary item nationals of treaties, the vehicle used to sound the ceasefire, maps the archive films, Shine.

In the east for without end, take you on a journey to discover this little known period and understand how the new face of post-war Europe came into being. 

The Museum is divided into areas: The Internal Resistance, Free France, Deportation and Magnificent Napoleon Tomb.

The Internal Resistance     

first and foremost, resistance
the was a rejection of defeat, the Occupation, Nazism, and an anti-republican that collaborated with the enemy.

That rejection went hand- in- hand with the voluntary commitment that involves breaking the law, sometimes breaking with own surroundings, a commitment that could lead to torture, deportation, and death.

Going beyond social Origins and political convictions, the resistance was a minority and evolving phenomena that nonetheless relied on a population that was increasingly favourable to its cause.

From 1942 -1944, with inventiveness and amid immense difficulties, it was gradually that the internal resistance organised itself into networks, movements and then the maquis, co-ordinated its work, and joined up with combatants and liberation.

The Companions of the Liberation who took part in internal resistance (over 300 in number)had roles in most of the Clandestine organisation and used a variety of operational modes formation escape sabotage propaganda, protection armed struggle )

Free France

General de Gaulle established free France in July 1940 in England. Its aim was to continue the war, librate France, and return the country to its status. With poor means and with no internal recognition, experience that difficult beginning.

However, Before the end of 1940, the rallying round of French equatorial Africa, Cameroon, and the territories of a senior give it a territorial base and General the  Gaulle a basis of legitimacy.

At the military level, the free French force, which was initially formed of a few thousand volunteers, did not exceed 60,000 people in 1943.

Between 1940 and 1945 the land, the navel, and a force of free France distinguished himself on several continents why maintaining Francis presence in world War. Often among the first to join up, over 700 companions of the liberation, including 18 fighting units, belong to free French forces.


In 1933, the aim of the Nazi Regime was to terrorize, repress And re-educate, German society. Concentration camps were one of the clogs of totalitarian ideology.

They formed the system in which the number of detainees where dramatically increased by word conflict.

Victims where mainly resistance fighters, politicians, people who refused to work, and people rounded up in reprisal, deported throughout occupied you Europe. As part of the genocide, the Jews including 74002 left France, were sent to extermination camps, most of them there assassinated immediately upon arrival.

In occupied France, deportation, which was the main tool of German depression, affected 70000 people. 1942 onward, the Nazi use devotees as slave labour. Detainees would henceforth work and die of Hunger and exhaustion for war economy of Reich. 42 companion of liberation, three women wear deported. 12 did not return from the camps.

The church of the Tomb

The churches the church of the Dome or a royal Church was built in 1677 and 1706 art of double- sanctuary whose construction, encrusted to JULES HARDOUIN MANSART 

De La Fosse’s allegories under the dome over the tomb of Napoleon

The religious function was restart, by Napoleon Bonaparte who also uses the church as a military Pantheon. 

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 – 1821) was the Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815. He is hailed as one of the greatest military commanders and rulers in history.

The sarcophagus of Napoleon Bonaparte

The edification of monumental Tomb of Napoleon beginning in 1841- 1842, altered The Separation of two churches, first by bronze glitter elected by Louie Tulips Visconti architecture of Napoleon tomb, and then buy a used window installed in 1872 by Alphonsa Nicholas

During the Second Empire, the Church function does Pantheon of the Imperial dynasty Napoleon III, Napoleon once nephew, authorised with reluctance that Tomb of two of The Emperor’s brother, xiaomi Bonaparte king of Westphalia and Joseph Bonaparte King of Naples and later of Spain to be relooked to be located there

On the Republic continue to honour its most prestigious Military Chief by welcoming there remains in the church of the Dome. 

Napoleon paved his own path to success. Starting as a second lieutenant, he used his military genius to ultimately take a position that no one had occupied prior to him. When he came to power, Napoleon tried to correct the harm done during the reign of terror.

Aside from being triumphant in battles and building an empire, Bonaparte also laid the foundation for modern French Education and created a set of laws (known as the Napoleonic Code) based on common sense and equality.

Napoleon was an extremely ambitious and intelligent man, known for his ability to multitask. While European countries formed coalitions trying to defeat him, he was able to escape even from exile and take over his empire again for a brief period, before losing the famous Battle of Waterloo.


Until you spread your wings, you’ll have no idea how far you can fly.

The Tomb of Napoleon king Louis Philips set out to Reconcile the French after several decades of division and antagonism. Turn off napoleon’s Ashes in December 1840 part of disc drive for National Unity the event was presented by negotiation with Great Britain and give rise to heated debates over its appropriateness, cost and finally serial form. 

Bearing witness to the KF for military veterans manifested by French King Louis xiv, and a temple of French military Glory under the consulate an Empire, hotel Des Invalides Hussain in 1842 how’s the Emperors last resting place. 

Variety design where submitted the government choose the one by which quantity who proposed to create an open crypt surrounded by Ambulatory the work was finished in 1853 napoleon’s Ashes were not transferred there until 61 after Napoleon III had taught with the idea of creating a family burial vault in the cathedral of Saint-Denis alongside French kings.

Napoleon’s tomb was dug in the centre of the dome

General de Gaulle 

Founder and Grandmaster of the order of the Liberation in order of the Liberation was instituted by General the goal 1942 to reward people, or military, or civilian communities, who will have distinguished themselves in the work of liberating France and her Empire. 

The order of Liberation is France second highest order after the legend of order in has just one rank and one title, and companion of liberation. 
The Museum room dedicated to general displays his personal item decoration and uniform items in several of his manuscript as one of the posters to all French people

Charles De Gaulle after officer he was taken prisoner in 1916 and intern in Germany a military theories Charles De Gaulle commanded and armour division germans in May 1940 he was promoted to the rank of general and called to serve in the government on 17 June.

The Dôme des Invalides, 107 metres (351 ft) tall and decorated with 12.65 kilograms (27.9 lb) of gold leaf, is an important landmark in Paris.

The Dôme des Invalides, 107 meters (351 ft) tall and decorated with 12.65 kilograms (27.9 lb) of gold leaf, is an important landmark in Paris.

He travels to London then next day and with Winston Churchill agreement he launched his first call for resistance as the leader of free France recommended its fighting forces the free French force in addition to directing its political and diplomatic construction with allies as president of provisional government is established Republican eligibility in France 1944 he resigned in 1946 and returned to power in 1958

when he founded V Republican and became its first president he pursued an ambitious domestic policy on development and active foreign policy he was re-elected in 1965 and relinquished power in April 1969 defeated by a referendum. 

This place will always be close to my heart as we have visited the parking area on a daily basis and I was literally drawn to this Museum cum Hospital.


Vincennes Castle: Legendary since 12th century

Alternately a hunting lodge, a royal residence, a state prison, and an arsenal, Vincennes is not as famous as Versailles, which was built later. And yet.Vincennes Castle which is Legendary since the 12th century.

Its history is rich: the Marquis de Sade, Voltaire, Mirabeau, Diderot were imprisoned there; a French prince was murdered in its moats on Napoleon’s orders; after WWII, President Charles de Gaulle made plans to move the presidential palace there

The Capetian monarch established a hunting lodge in the Forest of Vincennes in 12th century at the start of hundred-year war bonus John the good initiated work on a keep nearby which his son Charles V completed 1370.

Detective wall with nine Towers was 10 built around the keep and the manor.
At the time of Charles V that work on the holy Chapel whose portal was to be one of the first five Gothic masterpieces has just begun.
The troubled period of the 16th and 17th centuries, the Mona took refuse behind the huge Castle walls. Building work mark Lui Louis xiv sporadic presence before he finally settle in Versailles in 1682.

Military Stronghold of Vincennes Castle

Then cancel that lost its status as a Royal Residence but from the revolution on becoming a major Arsenal. Napoleon consolidated respiratory calling by his degree on 16th March 1808, and level the wall Tower to adopt the site for modern artillery use.

level the wall Tower to adopt the site for modern artillery use.

1: The Capetian Manor of Vincennes Castle

Archaeological digs beneath the lawn and Central alley have revealed the foundation of the manor; a set of buildings that gradually is pranked up around a Courtyard in 13th and 14th centuries. The Manor becomes Saint Louis favorite residence and played host to key events in royal family life, notably the birth of its was born. It was gradually destroyed from 17th century onwards.

2 A fountain was built in the center of Manor Courtyard

The 13th century supplied by a sophisticated hydraulic system and extensive network. Rebuilt under Charles V, dance on 3 is now the only visible sign of manor. 

3 The Chatelet of Vincennes Castle

Forms the main entrance to keep it. Its facade was originally I don’t be the huge sculpted design. Visitor used to be created by is a statue of Charles V his wife Janata Bhawan and Saint Christopher with that rainy day trinity, assemble of divine protection is standing over them. 

4 The keep of Vincennes Castle

Or donjon, is an architectural sheet and expression of remarkable political determination, quickly and at the great cost. The use square Tower, flanked by four corner units, divided into 6 floors with whom whose archways rest on a single Slender Central column.

Each floor has the same layout, we the youth Central Hall and the room in each corner unit. Standing 50 M high which is tallest medieval keep in France. It is protected by a wall and a deep moat, originally filled with water. In the Courtyard on the left, you climb the oldest preserved example of outwork is stay away, late by 5 openings, one above the other. 

architectural sheet and expression of remarkable political determination

4 The Chatelet Terrace of Vincennes Castle

Provide view over the whole of the site. On the keep side, angels musicians, profits and fantastical character can be made out of making out on the scattered console framing the second and the third floor Windows. 

5. The Bell Tower

at the top of the staircase, the house is a copy of clock Bell installed in 1369 for the first time on civil building.

The study of Vincennes Castle

is located on the second floor of the Chatelet Charles v used to work and receive a visitor in this room why to secretaries in joining adjoining turrets

7. The Chemin of Vincennes Castle

de Ronde was not covered during the middle ages the king use it to walk from his study to his Apartment on the first floor of a building in the courtyard.
This building is no longer standing but the molding of its opening can be seen in the courtyard sidewall

8.The footbridge of Vincennes Castle

was only the way into the keep into the middle ages still using the same footage for the visitors

Inter Council Room of Vincennes Castle

nowadays shows of film recounting the history of the castle and Charles V time was originally used as a venue for official reception and working meeting between the monarch and his Advisors if necessary, it is used it was used as a bedroom for the queen all the king’s friend and relatives.8 ways in the room style beard paneling that also cover the wall in the 14th century.

10. The Bedchamber of Vincennes Castle

windows Central room on the second floor it has a beautiful fireplace. The king used to put away is fineness manuscript in the chest placed in a vest window recess. The pattern painted on the ribs of vaulting hint at the aquafit interior decoration of only medieval Royal Residence is still in its original layout.
The oratory extended to shuffle chapel located in the North-Eastern it 

the Treasure room just do it was basic of coal and the Charles V finest piece of gold and silver where deposited Italy to latrine and to the Orion study build after 2nd floor was completed the ground floor house a and to the oriel study, built after the second floor was completed.

The Ground Floor houses and the original well. The call was divided by central wall in the middle ages the keeps present past, born out from the 16th century, is presented at this level.

14. The Holy Chapel of Vincennes Castle

Founded by Charles V in 1379, the chapel is modeled on Saint Chapel of Palace De La cite in Paris, do it was only one floor with oratory is Reserve for the queen on the right and the king on the left, the North East building containing the scarcity and Treasure room,

the word initiated during the reign of Charles V was continued and the Charles IV and completed long after under Henry 2147 to 1559 description on Westgate shows the scale of early 15th-century stonework.

Walking here makes you feel that you are back in time, reliving all the history you know about it.


The Louvre – work dating back to 8000 BC

Main ENTRANCE OF LOUVRE A glass pyramid

 An honorary member of the world exclusive club of the greatest museum the louvre is the busiest, the bar set at ten million visitors a year with its 403 rooms and thousands of work dating back to 8000 BC, is now a museum filled with a long history which started 800 years ago…

honorary member of the world exclusive club of the greatest museum

In the origins of the fortress: a fortress erected at the initiative of Philip Augustus was originally designed to strengthen the compound building 1190 to secure Paris.

The museum gained the grandness of Royal Palace when King Francis 1 decided to settle in 15 28.

Henry 2 continues the work, ordering the layout, on the ground floor the ceremonial hall. His wife, Catherine De Medici, Commissioned the building of Tuileries,

Further west but the work was never completed.
The opening of Museum in 1793: Under the reign of Louis XVI the Louvre started to awake its vocation as a museum, through the project displaying the part of Royal painting collection in the Great hall to make them assessable to the public.

Napoleon  1, who appointed Denon, artist, and diplomat, enriched the museum with the acquisition of antique. A Denon wing is named after him.

Providing historical information of eight antiques and arts.

Near Eastern Antiques in The Louvre :

comes from 19-century excavations by Scholars who went in search of the source of Western Culture.

The reconstitution of khorsabad Courtyard, with the winged man, headed bulls built to the glory of AssyrianKing Sargon 2 , assert the active role of the museum in the discovery of the forgotten
civilization of the east.

Winged man headed bulls built  to the glory of Assyrian King  Sargon 2

Spanning over the nine millennia, from Prehistoric Times to the early Islamic period, the Museum tour focuses on three geographical areas organized chronologically :

The section on Mesopotamia
The Persian world 
It closes with the Levant (today’s Syria, Lebanon, and Israel)

Spanning over the nine millennia

Victory stele of Eannatum inThe Louvre

King of Lagash, called “stele of a vulture”
These stele fragments retell in the words and picture the triumphant military campaign of the king of Lagash, Eannatum, upon the enemies of Umma. One side is devoted to the narrative of human actions and other, mythological in nature to the intercession of the Gods.

Although incomplete, stele is the oldest known historiographical document.

Honour porch of a home, from a place called ‘Qasar Rumi “Cairo, Egypt,

Victory stele of Eannatum

A remnant of the Mamluk dynasty founded by freed slave soldiers, that ruled from 13th to the early 16th  century, this porch was the access structure of prestigious residence in Cairo.

Made up of 300 stones, it is decorated with floral and geometric motifs. There is no other example of Mamluk building of this size preserved in a museum.

decorated with floral and geometric motifs.

Horse Head dagger, India, 17th century (steel inlaid with gold, Jade and semi-precious stones)It is sharp curved blade gone through chainmail, but, apart from its fierce efficiency,

this dagger called a Khanjar is mostly remarkable for its fine Jade to handle (famous for helping victory) shaped as horse head, adorned with Emerald and spinels. This decorative weapon probably a gift to high dignitary is typical of Mughal Art

Horsehead, adorned with Emerald and spinels

Egyptian antiquities in The Louvre:

This is organized into three chronological sections. The. Pharaonic period, which runs from IV Millennium to the year 30th BC is the largest one and richest in artefact (about 50000).

The museum also holds a large section on Roman Egypt and another on Coptic(Christianized”) Egypt. Beyond their aesthetic qualities, from the sphinx to the famous portrait of fa-yum, the Egyptian collection of the Louvre is a unique tool of scientific knowledge on the daily life culture belief and rights of ancient Egypt.

Egyptian collection of the Louvre is a unique tool of scientific knowledge

Great Sphinx, Tanis, Old kingdom(old for middle Kingdom, 1900 BC pink  granite)  twelve tons of sphinx, perfectly polished and punctuated by details of great piece Precision,

was exhumed in 1825 from the ruins of temple of Amun Rain in Tanis, With the lion’s body and a human head the Spenix is sovereign creature ruthless to the dissenters and Protector of the righteous . The Pharaoh gains, its power through this deception a divine dimension.

lion’s body and a human head the Spenix is a sovereign creature

The lid of eminent’s coffins,25-26 dynasty( agglomerated and coated fabric )shape of sarcophagi, their use typical of funerary practices of ancient Egypt in order to protect the body of Dead, evolved considerably over time and across social classes.  The deceased was associated with the figure of eternity.

Egypt in order to protect the body of Dead

Greek , Etruscan and Roman antiques in The Louvre

The Louvre offer an exceptional panorama of ancient art that begins with the pre-classical Greece from third Millennium BC and covered the Archaic period.

The quest for the proportions of Ideal beauty that would reflect the divine absolute culminated during the Hellenistic period with its hectic and sensual figures, the first of which is, of course, the Venus De Milo.

To the domination of Greek cities followed, from 2nd century BC to the Roman empire, whose art reflector clear influence of Greek productions: a rampant

domination of Greek cities

Of Francis 1st  Palace design in The Renaissance style, dominated by Diana the huntress brings together a selection of  Roman work that testified to its Legacy.

 Roman art, however, exemplifies the emergence of individuation and portrait, which is the mark of the influence of an Etruscan tradition, embodied in the collection of gorgeous  Sarcophagus of the spouse.

The winged Victory of Samothrace, a Hellenistic period 190 BC

 This Masterpiece of Hellenistic period was found during an excavation in 1863 on the site of a century of Great Gods in  Samothrace whose cult was known in ancient time to help win naval flights to prevent shipwrecks.

Naval battle with indeed many at that time between the great power to control the Mediterranean in the figure does probably and offering and Trophy commemorating a naval victory.

Winged Victory of Samothrace

 Erected at Prow of the ship, it is depicted taken in mid-air, it’s wing deployed, the chest proudly arched, its cloths plastered to the body by spray.

Devoid of its head and arms this (Nike Greek for victory) is nevertheless an unsurpassed example of sculptures in a motion of 2nd century BC which Express at only lyrical Vega and Technical mastery, particularly in trapping and achieve settle transparency effects.


The painting collection of the Museum finds their origin in the successive acquisition of French Kings, begun to the reign of Francis 1. These formed the basis of Museum collections, opened to the public in 1793.

Hyacinthe  Rigaud Portrait of Louis 14 the official painter of Louis xiv, Rigaud gives this particular portrait of the king in his coronation robes, at the age of 63 the image of absolutism and Royal Majesty. The painting remained, due to its quality, at the court of France.

Jacques Louis David, the coronation of Napoleon I in Notre Dame,

(1806 to 1807) once the champion of French Revolution David was appointed in 1804, first painter to Emperor. It feels to him to set to the memory of the coronation of December 2nd, 1804, during which Bonaparte became Napoleon I.

But instead of Emperor’s Crowning, he chooses to illustrate his wife Josephine. His huge almost 10 meters wide and extremely precise composition deploys a long fringe of figures, 191 including the artist himself shown drawing among the stands.

Coronation of Napoleon I in Notre Dame

Eugene Delacroix

This painting, filled with truly Epic fashion Illustrates  Three glorious days, Revolutionary days of 1830  led by the people of Paris against Charles to put an end to the Restoration. 

Eugene was not himself or follower of political violence nevertheless achieved with his work the allegory of resistance and struggle for justice.

Revolutionary days of 1830  led by the people

 in the mid of the crowd gathering people of all social Origins, a women half-naked adorned with a Phrygian cap and holding blue white red banner prohibited under the Restoration symbolizes liberty and importance the dream of victory over despotism.

The leader of romantic artistic movement manage hair a successful synthesis of realism in idolism despite an enthusiastic reception at Salon of 1831 it’s purchased by the government this painting was long hidden because it was a message to subversive by King Louis Philippe under the July monarchy. liberty himself leading the revolution.

Monalisa Leonardo da Vinci portrait

Lisa Gherardini Del Giocondo is known as Lisa or Mona Lisa

It was however never delivered to its sponsor, the painter, who regarded it as unfinished, took it with him to France. It is unclear how the painting finally entered in the collection of Francis 1.

the unique fate of this Masterpiece has become Legend. interpreted and Parodied over and over again, the Mona Lisa is in all likelihood the result of the commission of portrait printed in Florence between( 1503 to 1506) the Lisa Gherardini wife of Francisco Del Giocondo.

It is actually smaller than appear, under highest protection and surveillance

 Although the identity of the model remains controversial -some even see an androgynous self-portrait- the Mona Lisa has nevertheless embodied a type of feminine ideal. Her extremely pure face is livened up by an enigmatic smile which contributed to her mythic aura. The model, captured at mid-body is the three-quarters angle, is seating before a loggia; in the back, lays an imaginary landscape, as a transition from earthly to heavenly.

The wedding feast at Cana

(Paolo Caliari, known as Veronese) on the topic of this monumental painting, provide Veronese with an iconographic pretext reinterpreted with great imagination. The miraculous event of the transformation of water into a wine-inspired banquet scene, set up in the framework of an architectural perspective worthy of the 16th-century theatre house.

Mary and Jesus standing at the centre, surrounded by a swarm of character- 130 not paying them any attention, except for the disciples. A tribute to Vatican opulence, the decor composed symmetrically shows marble- a material that had gradually taken the place of Wood in the building of the city glassware (through the arts of the table) and clothes that give the canvas, with their embroidery, shimmering colours.

Mary and Jesus standing at the centre

The graphics arts cover a wide range of techniques –drawing, miniatures, prints, pastels.  

Leonardo Di ser Piero Da Vinci aka Leonardo da Vinci (the study of folds for kneeling figures late 15th early 16 century )Leonardo treated, In theoretical as well as technical terms, the art of depicting draping and folds and achievement regarded as fundamental during the Renaissance.

study on linen Canvas pictures folded legs, covered by clothes falling heavily to the ground, seemingly initiating a slight of twisting motion.


collection of the Museum is mainly French and Italian works, including the famous slaves by Michelangelo and some other European countries

Fontainebleau School

Diana the huntress known as Diane of Anet  mid 19th century

This is the first large nude is a sculpture in French Art, from the castle of Diana de Poitiers, mistress of Henry II.

It figures the Goddess of hunt accompanied, by her dogs and hugging a deer, symbol of the king.

Diane’s posture is reminiscent of famous high relief the nymph of Fontainebleu by Benvenuto Cellini.

This is the journey of lovure is not completed. Even by pausing thirty seconds with each artform we need another ninety days to cover the whole museum. Similarly must plan your trip to modern art temple Centre Pompidou


Must Visit 11 Sensational Places in Paris

Paris has some of the world’s most incredible glamour, monuments and artworks people wait (and save) a lifetime to experience.  Well known as the City of Light, not because of the availability of electricity but reaching conclusions by sound reasoning.

Paris marathon racers -participating in event in front of Eiffel tower

For high-end fashion in Paris, you’ve come to the right place. Head to the Champs- Elysées and Avenue Montaigne for luxury brands, like Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Gucci, and Jimmy Choo, and for window shopping at its finest. 

But for the French, fashion goes deeper than labels and shopping. The people here equate being well dressed with good manners and putting there best foot forward.

We  offers 11 memorable places for getting the most out of the French capital.

1.Eiffel tower

Starting at the Eiffel Tower in the morning, snap the essential touristy shots before all the crowds arrive in the afternoon. The 300meter tower’ as it was first called, was erected in just over two years, to be the main attraction at the 1889 world fair. It held the records as the highest structure until 1930, when it was dethroned by Newyorks Chrysler building.

Gustave  Eiffel who focused on the project from start to finish which enabled its completion and its survival. Eiffel Tower stands 324 m tall and weighs 10,100 tons. Created in 2 years, 2 months and 5 days, it was built for the Exposition Universelle of 1889

After the fair and the first wave of curiosity ,the tower struggled  to find its destiny; the possibility of dismantling was considered

Gustave Eiffel tried to imagine a new function for the tower and financed wireless tests. The first World War made the importance of altitude for transmission clear.

Thus, its military use saved the tower and its use extended in the 1920s with the broadcast of the civilian radio program and the first television trials. It was for television broadcasting that a new antenna was placed at the top in 1959, pushing the height 321m. The development of tourism after the Second WorldWar earned renewed attendance; with seven million ascendants annually.

 You can go up the Eiffel Tower by the stairs or by lift. On the completely refurbished 1st floor, there are shops; on the 2nd, treat yourself to a gastronomic meal at the famous Jules Verne restaurant, 125 metres above ground. Finally on the 3rd floor you are at cloud level and have an exceptional 360° view! 
Viewpoint indicator on the 3rd floor of the Eiffel Tower.


Then cross the road and walk towards Trocadero, iconic place being photographed with Hitler when he was in Paris.

Trocadero-iconic place being photographed with Hitler ,when he was in paris.

3.Champ de Mars -Ecole Militare

Then just relax and wander around the Champ de Mars, which was initially laid out as a parade ground for neighboring Ecole Militare. It regularly hosts events and concerts in the romantic scenery.


The most imposing monument in the Quarter Latin, the Panthéon, which was originally intended to be a church dedicated to St Genevieve, was completed in 1790, just as the French Revolution was taking hold.

 Upon the death of Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau on April 2, 1791, a well-respected statesman in the new world order, the decision was taken to transform it into a mausoleum for the great men and women of French history

Here lie Voltaire,Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Emile Zola,Pierre and Marie Curie.

A resting place for imperishable

5.Arc de Triomphe

Originally conceived by Napoleon in 1806 to commemorate his army’s victory at the Battle of Austerlitz, the Arc de Triomphe, the largest triumphal arch in the world, took 30 years to complete.

The eternal flame, which is located beneath the Arc’s sculpted vault and above the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, has been relit every day at 6:30 p.m. since November 11, 1923.

Largest triumphal arch in the night of World war 2 armistice 100 years celebration

Cross over the Seine onto the Right Bank and you have the neighborhoods of Saint-Germain-des-Prés on one side and the Quartier Latin on the other. Between the two, you’ll find the beautiful Jardin du Luxembourg.

The park and the palace inside it were the home of Marie de’ Medici in the early 17th century and she had them designed to replicate the Pitti Palace and Boboli Gardens of her native Florence.